Cosmetic surgeons commonly use liposuction to suction unwanted fat from particular areas of the body to sculpt the body’s shape. Using a surgical tool called a cannula, this effective and versatile procedure can be used to enhance various specific parts of the body.
Most Common Areas of Liposuction Treatment
- Bra bulge
- Gynacomastic (Chest)
The best candidates for liposuction are normal-weight people with firm, elastic skin who have pockets of excess fat in certain areas. They should be physically and mentally healthy with realistic expectations. Although age is not a major consideration, older patients tend to have diminished skin elasticity and may not realize the same results as younger patients. Liposuction is not a recommended treatment for obesity.
Liposuction is a procedure in which a narrow tube or canal is inserted through a tiny incision and used to vacuum out localized deposits of fat leading to a re-contouring in the area of focus.
The time required to perform liposuction may vary considerably, depending on the size of the area, the amount of fat being removed, the type of anesthesia and the technique used. Dr. Marouk most commonly uses the Super-Wet technique. Fluid, a mixture of intravenous salt solution, Lidocaine (local anesthetic) and Epinephrine (drug that contracts blood vessels), is injected into the tissue before liposuction to support fat removal, reduce blood loss and provide anesthesia during and after surgery. Fluid injection also helps to reduce the amount of bruising after surgery.
Usually the amount of fluid injected is equal to the amount of fat to be removed. This technique often requires intravenous sedation or general anesthesia and typically takes one to two hours of surgery time. Small areas may be done under local anesthesia only. Liposuction is normally safe. Though they are rare, complications can and do occur. Risks increase if a greater number of areas are treated at the same time, or if the operation sites are larger in size. Removal of a large amount of fat and fluid may require longer operating times than may be required for smaller operations.
Although recovery times vary from patient to patient, pain medication is usually required for the first several days – appropriate should be taken. Patients are encouraged to resume moderate activities such as stationary bike and waking after about a week.
The scars from Liposuction are small and strategically placed to be hidden from view. However, imperfections in the final appearance are not uncommon after liposuction. The skin surface may be irregular, asymmetric or even baggy, especially in the older patient. Numbness and pigmentation changes may occur.
Although most patients notice a difference in the shape of their body soon after surgery, improvements become even more apparent after four to six weeks, when most swelling subsides. After about three months, any residual swelling usually disappears revealing the final contours.
The new shape created by Liposuction remains with the patient under reasonable maintenance of weight through diet and exercise. The normal aging process, however, can still effect changes in body shape.